Ovaries are female reproductive glands that are responsible for the production of the estrogen hormones and progesterone. Dr Matthew Boente mentions that each of the ovaries is around the size of an almond and they produce eggs (ova) as well. He underlines that while ovarian cancer starts from this organ, but often goes undetected till it spreads within the pelvis and abdomen. Dr Matthew is an experienced physician specializing in obstetrics, gynecology, and gynecologic oncology. He is currently based in San Francisco, CA. He was also a Galloway Fellow at the Department of Surgery at Memorial-Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York.
Ovarian cancer is the condition where the abnormal cells in the ovary start to multiply beyond control and form a tumor. Matthew Boente MD points out that if this condition is left untreated, then the tumor can spread to other parts of the body and result in a metastatic ovarian cancer. He used to work with Genentech, Inc. earlier and had led a large global cross-functional team responsible for the FDA approval of bevacizumab with chemotherapy in front line ovarian cancer. In 2012, he received the National Cancer Institute Gold Certificate of Excellence Award and his practice has been recognized by several popular publications as well. His experience and incredible reputation in the domain make Dr Matthew Boente a perfect candidate to sheds some light on a severe disease like ovarian cancer. This medical condition affects numerous women across the world every year, and hence it is important to be well acquainted with its key symptoms and treatment options.
The symptoms of ovarian cancer include abnormal fullness after eating, increase in urination, difficulty in eating, pain near the pelvis area, as well as abdominal bloating, pressure, and pain. Usually, the symptoms become more severe as the tumor starts to grow. As the cancer grows and spreads outside of the ovaries, more severe symptoms can be witnessed. However, this spread of the cancer also makes it difficult to treat.
Matthew Boente MD mentions that surgery and chemotherapy are two of the most common treatment options for ovarian cancer. Chemotherapy basically is a type of a drug treatment where chemicals are used in order to kill the fast growing cells of the body, including the cancer cells. The chemotherapy drugs can be injected into a vein or taken by mouth. In certain cases, they are also injected directly into the abdomen. Usually, chemotherapy is used after surgery to kill any cancer cells that might have been left by. But this drug treatment can also be used before a surgery.
Targeted therapy might also be used to treat ovarian in particular situations. This treatment option targets particular vulnerabilities present within the cancer cells. Generally these drugs are used for treating ovarian cancer that returns after initial treatment or cancer that resists other treatments. Further details about this cancer can be found on the web.